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 Classroom language: Teaching pronunciation

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Dolnapa051
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PostSubject: Classroom language: Teaching pronunciation   12th September 2015, 11:01 am

I found the interest topic in Classroom language 'Teaching pronunciation.' Hope this's useful!! Very Happy

Useful questions to ask about pronunciation
"How do you pronounce this word/ part of the word/ syllable/ sound?"
"How is PH/ -ed/... usually pronounced?"
"Is this the same or different sound?"
"What did I explain about the pronunciation of this word/ sound last week?"
"Can you give me another example of word with the same (vowel/ consonant/ first/ last) sound?"
"What is this sound? Can you point to it on the chart?/ What colour is it on the chart?"
"Is it a long sound or short sound?"
"How many sounds/ syllables/ vowel sounds does this word have/?"
"What is the difference between this word and this word?"
"What is another word with the same sound as 'hair'? How do you spell it? Good. What does it mean?"
"What do these two dots after the vowel mean?"
"How important do you think it is to lose your accent when you are speaking English?"
"Where should your tongue be when you say that sound?"
"What shape is my mouth?"
"How is my mouth shape different when I say these two sounds/ words?"
"Look at my mouth. Which of the two words am I saying?"

Talking about the phonemic chart
"The vowels are paired up so that there is one long one and one short one, but the sounds are never exactly the same"
"This sound isn't used by... speakers/ people from..."
"I would pronounce this as..."
"Your dictionary might use different symbols"
"This is the British chart, so some symbols and sounds might be different for Americans"
"The picture next to each word represents a word with that sound"
"Here is a bookmark version which I printed out from the English File website. Keep it in your book or dictionary and use it as much as you can"
"We'll go through the whole chart quickly to show how it works, then go back through the difficult sounds over the next few weeks"
"You don't need to sit down and learn the chart, just use it all the time when you look words up in dictionaries"
"This section is the vowel sounds. Vowel means sounds like the letters A, E, I, O and U. The rest are all consonants, like B, C and D in the alphabet"
"Most of the consonants are paired up with one voiced sound and one unvoiced one. Let's run through them together.... These ones at the bottom don't work in the same way"
"The most difficult consonant symbol is /j/, which is the first letter of the German word 'ja', not the first sound in 'jam', which is this sound"

Individual sounds

h

"Imagine you are trying to put some breath on a mirror so that you can polish it"

"Actually breathe on a mirror or a piece of glass and see if it works"

th

"Put your tongue between your front teeth"

"Put your finger in front of your lips as if you were going to shush someone, and make sure your tongue has touched for finger and so it is a bit wet"

Minimal pairs:Consonants

Voiced and unvoiced sounds

"Is it voiced or unvoiced? Put your hand on your voice box/ Put your hands over your ears and check"
"Which two sounds are basically the same but with and without your voice?"
"If we put our mouths in the same position but stop/ start using our voices, what sound do we make?"
"What is the relationship between the consonant sounds that are next to each other on the chart?"
l and r
"For the first one, curl your tongue back as far as you can and flip it. For the second, try to keep your tongue totally still. It can help to bite your bottom lip with your top teeth. R is actually more similar to W, and some British people pronounce it that way. You could also try holding your hand by the side of your mouth with your palm down to represent your tongue and move it or keep it still as you say the two sounds"
ch and sh
"The first one is explosive, like sneezing. The second one is smooth, like the sound for 'Be quiet'"
s and sh
"For the first one, pull your lips back like a cat hissing. For the second one, round your lips"
b and v
"The first one is like P, but using your voice. Move your mouth into a circle and release a little puff of air. The second one is like a voiced F. Put your top teeth on your bottom lip and make a long smooth sound. You should be able to extend the second sound forever, but the first one is very short"
v and w
"With the first one, bite your bottom lip with your top teeth. For the sound one, make a small circle with your mouth"
sin and sing
"The second sound is further back in your mouth. Try touching your tongue on the top of your mouth just behind your teeth for the first one, and biting the back of your tongue with your back teeth for the second one"
year and jeer
"The first one is like a vowel sound. Try making a long /i:/ sound and then going straight into the word, then make the starting /i:/ shorter and shorter. The second one is like CH, but voiced. So the first one can be made long, but the second one is more explosive"

Describing pronunciation games

Pronunciation journey
"If you hear this sound/ word, go down the right branch. If you hear this sound, follow the left hand one. After five words, you will be at the bottom. Shout out the city name you end up at and we'll see if it is the right one."
"Let's do it one more time, but this time just watch my mouth as I won't actually make any sound"
"Good. Now this time I'll cover my mouth and you just have to do it from the sound"
"Great. Now play the same game in groups (with this new worksheet)"

Phonemics hangman
"It's exactly like hangman (that we played last week), but you have to say the sound instead of the letter name. Here is a phonemic chart to help you"

Stations
"If you hear a word with this sound, run and touch this wall/ card. If you hear a word with this sound, run and touch this one"

Board race/ Brainstorming race
"With your team, you have to write/ draw as many words with this sound as you can in five minutes. Each person can only write one word, then they have to pass the pen to the next person, but you can help each other"

Self-study for pronunciation tips
"Try recording your voice"
"Choose one sound to concentrate on when you are speaking"
"People will be able to understand you most of the time, so just be careful when you know there is a similar sounding word that they could be confused with"
"Look at yourself in the mirror when you are making the sound"
"You can get programmes that record your voice and play it back to you so that you can compare it to the original. You can't trust the scores that they give you, but having something to aim for does help you concentrate"
"Reading out loud isn't very useful. It's better to improvise a presentation or dialogue and record that"
"Learn one word for each sound so that you can compare new words to it"
"Look up the pronunciation of all words that you learn in your dictionary and write them down in your vocabulary notebook"


Dolnapa 051 3EN
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Yolradee033
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PostSubject: Re: Classroom language: Teaching pronunciation   13th September 2015, 6:31 pm

Thank you for your kindness, Cream.
This is very beneficial for me.
I will use it as much as possible.


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Suwara044
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PostSubject: Re: Classroom language: Teaching pronunciation   14th September 2015, 10:46 am

It is very good and useful.
Thank you for your sharing, Cream.
I will use or apply it with my teaching in the future.

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Naruechaya053
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PostSubject: Re: Classroom language: Teaching pronunciation   10th October 2015, 1:05 am

I will use these information in my teaching.
It is very beneficial to teach pronunciation.
Thank you so much for sharing.

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Dolnapa051
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PostSubject: Re: Classroom language: Teaching pronunciation   18th October 2015, 10:55 am

Using poetry to help with pronunciation is also can enhance the way to teach pronunciation!!
It is possible for all students of English as a second language to freely access these poems and work on them, and this is what I recommend you do:

1 Read and listen to the poem.
2 Check with your dictionary any words that you do not know and learn.
3 Make a note of words which sound alike but are spelt differently.
4 Listen to the poem for the second time, but quietly say aloud the words yourself as y ou go through it. Practise any words which were difficult to say.
5 Listen for the third time the poem, reinforcing everything which you have learnt.
6 Listen to the poem without looking at the words this time.
7 Read the poem yourself without hearing the words.
8 You can download the poem and listen to it at other times and it is a good idea to learn the words and say them as you hear them, remembering the spellings of the words.


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Tatiya014
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PostSubject: Re: Classroom language: Teaching pronunciation   19th November 2015, 8:42 pm

wow thank you Cream.

It's useful and i promise i speak that in the future.


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